Analyses in this chapter were aimed at identifying potential mediators classically defined as intermediaries that convey effects of other independent variables on outcomes. For mediation to be considered, all variables involved had to demonstrate significant correlations with one another. We thus considered 16 mediation possibilities. Six models deemed reflective of mediation were categorized as either involving “Think about It” Discipline as the mediator between Individualism/Power Distance and behavior problems or linking Power Distance to Internalizing through aspects of parenting involving sleep. Both cultural orientation dimensions address negotiating relationships between the individual and her social group, also relevant for family life.