chapter  13
12 Pages

Amaranth—Bioindicator Of Toxic Soils

WithSarra A. Bekuzarova, Johnny G. Kachmazov, Ekaterina S. Ayskhanova

To reduce soil toxicity, culture of the amaranth has a high sorption capacity, especially in the joint sealing of the soil with zeolite clay alanit. The experimental results indicate that the incorporation into the soil of green mass as green manure crops in a mixture with clay alanit reduces the oil pollution from 3.2 thousand to 0.2 mg/kg of dry soil. A limited set of crops in agricultural production leads to the outbreak of the different plant diseases, which causes enormous damage to both the material costs and in environmental pollution. Irrational use of chemicals and fertilizers leads to soil pollution with heavy metals and radionuclides, which accumulate in plant foods. The application and use of plants that bind harmful to human chemical elements is a global task of environmental protection. To accelerate purification and remediation of contaminated oil and oil products of lands in first year, annual culture amaranth in a mixture of alanit was sown at 0.8-1 t/ha.