# Maintenance, Monitoring, Safety, Risk and Resilience of Bridges and Bridge Networks

DOI link for Maintenance, Monitoring, Safety, Risk and Resilience of Bridges and Bridge Networks

Maintenance, Monitoring, Safety, Risk and Resilience of Bridges and Bridge Networks book

# Maintenance, Monitoring, Safety, Risk and Resilience of Bridges and Bridge Networks

DOI link for Maintenance, Monitoring, Safety, Risk and Resilience of Bridges and Bridge Networks

Maintenance, Monitoring, Safety, Risk and Resilience of Bridges and Bridge Networks book

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*Maintenance, Monitoring, Safety, Risk and Resilience of Bridges and Bridge Networks* contains the lectures and papers presented at the Eighth International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management (IABMAS 2016), held in Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil, 26-30 June, 2016. This volume consists of a book of extended abstracts and a DVD containing the full papers of 369 contributions presented at IABMAS 2016, including the T.Y. Lin Lecture, eight Keynote Lectures, and 360 technical papers from 38 countries.

The contributions deal with the state-of-the-art as well as emerging concepts and innovative applications related to all main aspects of bridge maintenance, safety, management, resilience and sustainability. Major topics covered include: advanced materials, ageing of bridges, assessment and evaluation, bridge codes, bridge diagnostics, bridge management systems, composites, damage identification, design for durability, deterioration modeling, earthquake and accidental loadings, emerging technologies, fatigue, field testing, financial planning, health monitoring, high performance materials, inspection, life-cycle performance and cost, load models, maintenance strategies, non-destructive testing, optimization strategies, prediction of future traffic demands, rehabilitation, reliability and risk management, repair, replacement, residual service life, resilience, robustness, safety and serviceability, service life prediction, strengthening, structural integrity, and sustainability.

This volume provides both an up-to-date overview of the field of bridge engineering as well as significant contributions to the process of making more rational decisions concerning bridge maintenance, safety, serviceability, resilience, sustainability, monitoring, risk-based management, and life-cycle performance using traditional and emerging technologies for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of society. It will serve as a valuable reference to all involved with bridge structure and infrastructure systems, including students, researchers and engineers from all areas of bridge engineering.

## TABLE OF CONTENTS

part |20 pages

T.Y. Lin Lecture

chapter |18 pages

#### Bridge life-cycle performance and cost: Analysis, prediction, optimization and decision making

part |122 pages

Keynote Lectures

chapter |16 pages

#### Towards a standard policy for structural monitoring in cable-stayed bridges

chapter |20 pages

#### Bridge dynamics and aerodynamics: Design and practical requirements for high structural performance and safety

chapter |20 pages

#### Dynamic identification and continuous dynamic monitoring of bridges

chapter |12 pages

#### Implementation of system performance principles in bridge assessment and design

chapter |11 pages

#### Design of large bridges for ease of inspection and maintenance and safety against ship impact

chapter |17 pages

#### Masonry arch bridges in the Italian railway engineering experience: State of condition, static reliability, seismic verification and retrofit strategies

chapter |14 pages

#### SHM-based fatigue damage prognosis for long-span cable-supported bridges under multiple dynamic loadings

part |11 pages

Mini-Symposia

chapter |1 pages

#### Partial factors for reliability-based durability assessment of RC bridges using observational data

chapter |1 pages

#### Grouping and estimation of deterioration curves of existing bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Life-cycle multi-hazard risk assessment of highway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Risk-Based approach for the optimal management of coastal bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Carbonation rate in old structures assessed with air-permeability site NDT

chapter |1 pages

#### Analytical and experimental service life assessment of Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau link

chapter |1 pages

#### The role of concrete technology in improving long term bridge performance

chapter |1 pages

#### Cost-based recovery processes and seismic resilience of aging bridges

part |12 pages

Bridge loading – measurement and modelling

chapter |1 pages

#### Simplified methodology for dynamic analysis of curved road bridges with structure-vehicle interaction

chapter |1 pages

#### Characteristics of traffic loading effects of long-span continuous rigid frame bridge with high piers using micro-scaled traffic model

chapter |1 pages

#### Effects of increasing design traffic load on performance and life-cycle cost of bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Considering traffic growth in characteristic bridge load effect calculations

chapter |1 pages

#### Recent advancements in accuracy and robustness of Bridge WIM systems

chapter |1 pages

#### Effect of vehicle-bridge interaction on bridge seismic response

chapter |1 pages

#### A creation method of lane load characteristic on highway bridges based on deck monitoring video integrated with WIM data

chapter |1 pages

#### Live load model for refined analysis of short and medium-span bridge systems

chapter |1 pages

#### Influence of simplified traffic simulation on the assessment of long span bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Vibration problems on design of grid bridges and viaducts and their maintenance

part |12 pages

Novel techniques regarding the assessment and monitoring of bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Phased array ultrasonic inspection of rib-to-deck welded joints in orthotropic steel decks

chapter |1 pages

#### Optimization of structural health monitoring and maintenance planning based on Bayesian joint modeling of time-dependent measurements and hazard functions

chapter |1 pages

#### A structural monitoring framework relying on wireless sensors networks and spectro-temporal compressive sensing

chapter |1 pages

#### Calculation of optimised bridge dynamic amplification factor using bridge weigh-in-motion data

chapter |1 pages

#### Application of system-based correction factors in condition rating of steel-composite bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Nonlinear analyses techniques for the assessment of the track-bridge interaction

chapter |1 pages

#### Structural behavior of damaged arch bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Recommendations concerning the inspection and maintenance of bridges and viaducts

chapter |1 pages

#### Reliability assessment of concrete columns

chapter |1 pages

#### Satellite InSAR applicability for monitoring bridge deformations

part |8 pages

Smart bridge structural health monitoring

chapter |1 pages

#### Vibration-based damage assessment based on a data driven damage feature

chapter |1 pages

#### Structural health monitoring – a smart timber bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Multi-sensor structural monitoring of Colle Isarco Viaduct

chapter |1 pages

#### Improved structural health monitoring of bridges using digital image correlation

chapter |1 pages

#### On-site non-destructive evaluation system for PC structures using X-ray and neutron sources

chapter |1 pages

#### Multiphase mobile sensor network for beam health monitoring

part |8 pages

Structural reliability methods for bridge safety and maintenance

chapter |1 pages

#### Probabilistic modelling and assessment of railway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Reliability analysis of circular RC columns confined by CFRP

chapter |1 pages

#### A stochastic dynamics approach for efficient incremental dynamic analysis

chapter |1 pages

#### Fatigue reliability assessment method for concrete girder bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Performance assessment of strengthened concrete girder bridges based on monitoring data

chapter |1 pages

#### Improving the sustainability of a bridge during the retrofitting

part |11 pages

Rehabilitation, strengthening and management of bridges in Australia

chapter |1 pages

#### Torsional strengthening of concrete bridge girders using the NSM CFRP strips

chapter |1 pages

#### Optimisation of inspection and maintenance activities for bridge components

chapter |1 pages

#### Analysis of flood impact on reinforced concrete (prestressed) girder bridges – a case study

chapter |1 pages

#### CFRP confinement of concrete columns damaged by high expansion level of alkali-aggregate reaction

chapter |1 pages

#### Experimental investigation on CFRP strengthened steel plates with inclined cracks

chapter |1 pages

#### Evaluation and strengthening of New Zealand bridges for increased vehicle loads

chapter |1 pages

#### Improving the bond performance of FRP applied to concrete members using mechanical substrate strengthening and FRP spike anchors

chapter |1 pages

#### Durability of FRP strengthened reinforced concrete flexural members for bridge structures

part |16 pages

Techniques of rehabilitation and strengthening for existing bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Carbon-fiber reinforced polymer used in the reinforcement of rectangular openings in the web of reinforced concrete beams

chapter |1 pages

#### Fatigue strengthening of riveted girders in a historic railway metallic bridge in Switzerland using pre-stressed un-bonded CFRP laminates

chapter |1 pages

#### Safety of existing structures

chapter |2 pages

#### Strengthening of the Chillon highway viaduct deck slab with reinforced UHPFRC

chapter |1 pages

#### Determination of the fibre content and orientation in UHPFRC layers using NDT – application to the simulation of the behaviour of strengthened beams

chapter |3 pages

#### Widening and reinforcement of existing concrete bridges – the Brazilian experience

chapter |1 pages

#### Suitability of bridges for Tiete-Parana waterway navigational clearance

chapter |2 pages

#### Strengthening an existing bridge using external tendons – the Samambaias River/PR case

chapter |2 pages

#### São Vicente Suspension Bridge rehabilitation and cable substitution

part |17 pages

Research and applications in bridge health monitoring

chapter |1 pages

#### Monitoring of shear cracking in partially prestressed concrete beams by distributed optical fiber sensors

chapter |1 pages

#### Accelerated Finite Element model calibration by substructure analysis with parallel genetic algorithm optimization

chapter |1 pages

#### Development of a web interface for structural health monitoring data visualization and structural performance assessment

chapter |1 pages

#### Reliability evaluation of reinforced concrete bridges using structural health monitoring

chapter |1 pages

#### Experimental damage identification in a post tensioned concrete beam

chapter |2 pages

#### Probabilistic seismic resilience analysis for bridges shocked by near-fault pulse-like ground motions

chapter |1 pages

#### An innovation monitoring method of vehicle induced aerodynamic load on sound barrier integrated with photogrammetry and image analysis

chapter |1 pages

#### Structural health monitoring system design for cable supported bridges: A proposed framework and recommendations

chapter |1 pages

#### Damage localization through empirical modal analysis on a full scale cable stayed bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Data mining and analysis of large-scale bridge structure health monitoring

chapter |1 pages

#### On the use of a passing vehicle for bridge health monitoring

chapter |1 pages

#### Application of a cross correlation technique for assessment of a non-homogeneous stress field

chapter |1 pages

#### Structural health monitoring of a prestressed concrete bridge in a critical state of conservation

chapter |1 pages

#### Monitoring of the Infante D. Henrique Bridge with self organizing maps

part |11 pages

Numerical simulation based bridge safety, maintenance and management

chapter |1 pages

#### Evaluation of temperature effect on the dynamic parameters of a laboratory scaled bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Rehabilitation of Chekiang Road Bridge in Shanghai

chapter |1 pages

#### Design proposal for Songpu Bridge: Widening the riveted truss bridge with ortho-composite-slab

chapter |1 pages

#### Research on measuring the pre-tension force in bolts using ultrasonic method

chapter |1 pages

#### Research on new method for measuring the pre-tension force of bolts

chapter |1 pages

#### “Limited” concept based protection-again-vessel-collision design for existing bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Bayesian updating based resistance model of bridge suspender

chapter |1 pages

#### Optimize bridge construction process based on BIM technology

chapter |1 pages

#### Numerical study on the chloride attack of a concrete cable-stayed bridge

part |9 pages

Management of major bridges for resilience, safety and maintenance

chapter |1 pages

#### Nonstationary characteristics of Typhoon Fung-Wong observed at Sutong Bridge site based on SHMS

chapter |1 pages

#### Bridge scour risk in a changing climate: A sensitivity analysis

chapter |1 pages

#### Using innovative maintenance to extend lifetime of railway bridges and tunnels

chapter |1 pages

#### The application of health monitoring system for the maintenance of Chinese bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Structural health monitoring system-SHMs of the long span bridges in Turkey

chapter |1 pages

#### Block travel of heavy duty trucks over a suspension bridge: A case study

part |7 pages

Bridge foundations – structural and geotechnical aspects

chapter |1 pages

#### Structural analysis of pile caps, used in bridge foundation, subject to AAR

chapter |1 pages

#### Study on the stress distribution in the foundation of blocks on four piles, used in bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### A probabilistic evaluation of an integral abutment bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Analysis of pile cap behavior in connection with steel piles

chapter |1 pages

#### Numerical staged-construction analysis of precast concrete bridge

part |10 pages

Advanced and innovative approaches to bridge management including risk management

chapter |1 pages

#### Bridge performance analysis in transportation asset management plans

chapter |1 pages

#### Practical performance measures for bridge management

chapter |1 pages

#### Tracking bridge conditions versus budgets using bridge management system tools in Prince Edward Island Department of Transportation, Infrastructure and Energy

chapter |1 pages

#### Issue approach for medium term renovation and replacement planning

chapter |1 pages

#### A methodology to determine the most sustainable bridge work programs through improved structure level considerations

chapter |1 pages

#### Management of bridges with shallow foundations exposed to local scour

chapter |1 pages

#### An application of expected utility theory for the optimization of bridge maintenance strategies

part |10 pages

Special Sessions

chapter |1 pages

#### A strengthening theory to prevent fatigue crack initiation in old metallic bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Behavior confirmation and functional evaluation of bridge bearings based on the field measurement

chapter |1 pages

#### Rationalization of fatigue cracks inspections in steel bridges through application of eddy current tests

chapter |1 pages

#### Fatigue strength improvement of rib-to-deck joints of orthotropic steel deck by peening

chapter |1 pages

#### Fatigue strength improvement by peening from back surface of the weld toe

chapter |1 pages

#### Enhancing low-cycle fatigue strength of cruciform welded joints by weld toe grinding

chapter |1 pages

#### Improving the durability of existing orthotropic steel decks using steel plates and stud bolts

part |6 pages

Aging road infrastructure – challenges for owners and operators

chapter |1 pages

#### Assessing condition of concrete bridge decks by robotic platform RABIT for development of deterioration and predictive models

chapter |1 pages

#### Aging highway bridges – challenges for owners and operators

chapter |1 pages

#### German guidelines for the re-assessment of existing highway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Re-assessment and upgrading strategies for highway bridges – case studies

part |9 pages

European standardization of quality specifications for roadway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### COST Action TU1406 quality specifications for roadway bridges (BridgeSpec)

chapter |1 pages

#### European standardization of quality specifications for roadway bridges: An overview

chapter |1 pages

#### Performance indicators in assessment of concrete arch bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Performance indicators for roadway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Quality control of road bridges in Poland

part |6 pages

Bridges for high-speed railways

chapter |1 pages

#### Dynamic evaluation considering the vehicle-structure interaction of a railway bridge subjected to heavy axle load trains

chapter |1 pages

#### Influence of track irregularities in the global and local dynamic response of precast decks under railway traffic loads

chapter |1 pages

#### Damage identification of a railway bridge based on genetic algorithms

chapter |1 pages

#### Field measurements of maglev train-induced vibrations

part |10 pages

Development and application of Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) technology for bridge structures

chapter |2 pages

#### Live loads in condition assessment of old bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Evaluation of toll rate using Weigh-In-Motion data for Korean expressway

chapter |1 pages

#### Evaluation of overweight enforcement system using the high-speed Weigh-In-Motion in Korea expressway

chapter |1 pages

#### Development of the high speed Weigh-In-Motion system using double diagonal sensor array

chapter |1 pages

#### Live load predictions based on daily maximum vehicle weight from Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) data

chapter |1 pages

#### Characterization of truck traffic in New Jersey based on 20 years of Weigh-In-Motion (WIM) data

chapter |1 pages

#### Calibration of Weigh-In-Motion system considering temperature effects

part |8 pages

Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC) – innovations and implementations

chapter |1 pages

#### Foundation solutions for accelerated bridge construction

chapter |1 pages

#### Experimental testing of high and low damage seismic resistant connections for Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC)

chapter |1 pages

#### Retrofitting of damaged bridges – the sustainable solution

chapter |1 pages

#### Prefabricated vs cast-in-situ concrete bridges in a whole life perspective

part |8 pages

Bridge networks maintenance, safety, reliability, resilience, and sustainability

chapter |1 pages

#### Maintenance and seismic retrofit cost assessment of existing bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Value of information analysis for typical bridge network topologies

chapter |1 pages

#### Metrics and algorithm for optimal retrofit strategy of resilient transportation networks

chapter |1 pages

#### Seismic resilience of aging bridges and transportation networks

chapter |1 pages

#### Sensitivity of network-level seismic performance measures to the bridge fragility model adopted

chapter |1 pages

#### Seismic loss assessment of deteriorating bridge networks

part |11 pages

Monitoring and evaluation of railway bridges

chapter |2 pages

#### Long term monitoring of traffic action effect of a short span RC railway bridge for safety examination

chapter |1 pages

#### Experimental investigation on the beam-slab connection behavior of a damaged real railway bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Deflection and acceleration measurements for high speed railway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Reliability analysis of PSC-I girder railway bridge based on measured train axle loads

chapter |1 pages

#### Characteristics of live load for railway bridges based on statistical analysis of WIM data

chapter |1 pages

#### Deterioration and assessment of steel bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Structural health monitoring (SHM) for load rating of an existing railroad bridge

part |8 pages

Bridge maintenance and strengthening – the Portuguese experience

chapter |1 pages

#### Tests of a railway bridge before and after stressing of strengthening bars

chapter |1 pages

#### Mitigation and monitoring of the structural effects due to internal expansive reactions in concrete

chapter |1 pages

#### Train-bridge dynamic interaction on a stone masonry railway bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Experimental assessment of the components and materials of stone arch railway bridges

part |13 pages

General Sessions

chapter |1 pages

#### Behavior of bridge decks under drying shrinkage using large-scale testing

chapter |1 pages

#### Tensile behavior by Weibull analysis in binary, ternary and quaternary concretes designed with micro and nano-silica additions

chapter |1 pages

#### Steel-UHPC lightweight composite bridge girders for long-span bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Self-centering bridge column with CFRP tendons under seismic loads Itani

chapter |1 pages

#### Shear behavior of ultra high performance concrete beams

chapter |1 pages

#### Reliability-based scheduling and selection of maintenance actions with application to the FRP strengthening of RC bridge girders

chapter |1 pages

#### Evaluation of a material model for sliding springs in modular bridge expansion joint systems

chapter |1 pages

#### Solution to hydration heat problem in bridge abutments and piers

chapter |1 pages

#### No-cement eco-binder as a potential material for bridge construction

chapter |2 pages

#### Sustainable strengthening of RC members with high performance concrete overlays

part |9 pages

Aging and deterioration modeling

chapter |1 pages

#### Time-dependent probabilistic modeling of corrosion propagation for service life prediction in RC structures

chapter |1 pages

#### Influence of corrosion on membrane action in reinforced concrete slabs

chapter |1 pages

#### Environmental durability of FRP to steel bonded joints in bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Remaining strength evaluation method of plate girders with corroded flange under sleepers

chapter |1 pages

#### Accounting for observation-specific correlation in deterioration modeling of bridge components using binary probit models with random effects

chapter |1 pages

#### Discrete-outcome modeling of bridge component deterioration: Accounting for the effects of maintenance and observation-specific correlation using random effects

chapter |1 pages

#### Analytical and numerical modeling of the influence of aggregate on cement mortar diffusivity

part |43 pages

Assessment and evaluation

chapter |1 pages

#### First applications of structural redundancy in Chilean bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Analysis of exterior bridge girder rotation due to eccentric construction loading using TAEG software

chapter |1 pages

#### Parametric study of the ductility capacity in common highway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Nonlinear structural analysis of floating bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### An examination of the seismic performance of rocker pier bridges in Japan’s oldest expressway

chapter |1 pages

#### Vehicle loading and effects on orthotropic steel deck of Runyang Bridge based on WIM data

chapter |1 pages

#### The influence of mechanical properties variation of natural rubber seismicisolators on the fragility results for multi-span concrete bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Development of robust software tool for steel railroad bridge rating

chapter |1 pages

#### Assessment of the conservation status and suggestions of alternatives to the rehabilitation of Marcos Konder bridge, at Itajaí-SC, Brazil

chapter |1 pages

#### Effect of transverse load distribution on the influence lines given by a bridge weigh in motion system

chapter |1 pages

#### Implementation of load rating provisions for highway arch bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Fragility curves of single column bridges retrofitted with RC jackets

chapter |1 pages

#### Implementation plan for load rating prestressed concrete bridges without plans

chapter |1 pages

#### Finite element model updating for short-span bridges using vehicle load input-deflection outputs

chapter |1 pages

#### Fragility of the reinforced concrete bridge subjected to carbonation induced corrosion

chapter |1 pages

#### Research on improved fuzzy TOPSIS method of bridge state assessment

chapter |1 pages

#### Comparative study among hybrid (steel & concrete) and pre-stressed concrete in the dimensioning of a railroad bridge superstructure

chapter |1 pages

#### Reduced partial factors for assessment in UK assessment standards

chapter |1 pages

#### Analytical modelling and evaluation for restoration studies of historic Buzlupinar timber bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Investigation of loading rate effects in reinforced concrete bridge piers by using slow and real-time hybrid simulations

chapter |1 pages

#### Risk assessment of reinforcement concrete arch bridge in cantilever casting construction

chapter |1 pages

#### A collapse induced by shortening in a multispan viaduct

chapter |1 pages

#### Design checks and nonlinear response of a full 3D model of a box girder bridge

chapter |2 pages

#### Remaining service life assessment of river bridges with cracked members

chapter |1 pages

#### Nonlinear analysis for the investigation of rail–bridge interaction considering temperature effects

chapter |1 pages

#### Long lasting high performance steel bridge research progress and engineering application

chapter |1 pages

#### Experimental study on bending behavior of innovative hollow tubular flange composite girders

chapter |1 pages

#### Damage assessment for the structural rehabilitation of a trussed bridge on Ferrovia do Aço Railway

chapter |1 pages

#### Cable-stay bridges – investigation of cable rupture

chapter |1 pages

#### Retrofit design of a Brazilian bridge subjected to storm surge and wave loads

chapter |1 pages

#### Seismic performance of corroded concrete bridge piers

chapter |1 pages

#### Numerical prediction of punching behavior of RC slabs using 3D nonlinear FE analysis

chapter |2 pages

#### Comparison seismic performance of high damage and low damage bridge piers subjected to corrosion via experimental cyclic tests

chapter |1 pages

#### Safety evaluation of a large-span double-deck cable-stayed steel bridge under fire

chapter |1 pages

#### Deteriorations of concrete structures in Gunkan Island

part |12 pages

Design codes

chapter |1 pages

#### Automatic system of early diagnosis for hinge joint diseases of hollow slab bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Analysis and evaluation of seismic performance of bridges using displacement-based design methods

chapter |1 pages

#### Structural health monitoring approach for detecting ice accretion on bridge cables using the autoregressive model

chapter |2 pages

#### Bridges in Juiz de Fora City

chapter |1 pages

#### Extrapolation of measurement results during dynamic testing of high speed railway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Impact factors for fatigue design of steel girder bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Failure analysis and maintenance proposal for the bridge over “Quebrada de Tambura” (Imbabura-Ecuador)

chapter |1 pages

#### Application development for assessment of moments in bridge slabs

chapter |1 pages

#### Update in values of traffic effects on Brazilian short span bridges

part |10 pages

Diagnostic

chapter |1 pages

#### Implementing the next generation of bridge inspection and management systems

chapter |1 pages

#### Asset management framework considering climate change impacts and traffic growth

chapter |1 pages

#### Economic indicators to assess the bridges of rehabilitation

chapter |1 pages

#### Life-cycle bridge performance analysis and management under earthquake hazards

chapter |1 pages

#### Bridge management system for the Dirección de Vialidad de la Provincia de Buenos Aires

chapter |1 pages

#### The structural integrated safety management system in the E’dong Yangtse River Bridge

part |10 pages

Fatigue and fracture mechanics

chapter |1 pages

#### Numerical study to investigate web-gap distortion of an existing retrofitted bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Determination of uncertain design parameters of post-tensioned composite bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Large bridge “in pérgola” for high speed trains to the northwest of Spain

chapter |1 pages

#### Seismic fragility and loss curves to repair the bridge Motin de Oro in Mexico

chapter |1 pages

#### Analysis and rehabilitation of the Generale Franco Romano viaduct

chapter |1 pages

#### Probabilistic methodology for an efficient safety assessment of high-speed railway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Durability limit states and reliability analysis of concrete components in long-span bridges

part |13 pages

Field testing

chapter |1 pages

#### Overall assessment of an ASR affected overpass “Robert-Bourassa/Charest” after nearly 50 years in service

chapter |1 pages

#### Seismic vulnerability of retrofitted bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Effect of hinged joint damage on vehicle-induced dynamic response for simply supported multi-slab girder bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Fire on Łazienkowski Bridge – 423 m long steel bridge with an orthotropic deck

chapter |2 pages

#### Detection of cracks and loss of mass in concrete through 3D point clouds generated by Terrestrial Laser Scanner

chapter |1 pages

#### Study of damage beams via stiffness estimate obtained statically

chapter |1 pages

#### Literature review of conditions and methods of repairing concrete bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Estimation of concrete compressive strength through ultrasonic waves with different frequencies applied to a concrete bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Deflection and vibration monitoring for serviceability of road bridges

part |8 pages

Foundations

chapter |1 pages

#### Viaduct construction with movable scaffolding system: New sequence

chapter |1 pages

#### Construction of viaducts with movable scaffolding system: Comparative between the traditional sequence and new sequence

chapter |1 pages

#### Analyzing the effects of the evolutionary erection in the service state of cable-stayed bridges built on temporary supports

chapter |1 pages

#### Bridge information modeling: A systematic literature review

chapter |1 pages

#### LRFD preliminary design charts for simple and two-span continuous prestressed concrete bridges

part |11 pages

Health monitoring

chapter |1 pages

#### Estimating Markov transition probabilities for reinforced concrete bridges based on mechanistic-empirical corrosion models

chapter |1 pages

#### Influence of reinforcement corrosion on moment and shear resistance in time of RC bridge girder

chapter |1 pages

#### Determination of corrosion of the steel reinforcement and application to a bridge structure

chapter |2 pages

#### Damaging of a reinforced concrete bridge due to dynamic effects of vehicles

chapter |1 pages

#### Multivariate regression modeling of bridge deterioration: Identifying factors influencing deterioration over the life-cycle

chapter |1 pages

#### Multi-sensor monitoring applied to a stress-ribbon footbridge

chapter |2 pages

#### Experimental study on monitoring the shear degradation of reinforced concrete members

part |12 pages

Life-cycle assessment

chapter |1 pages

#### Fatigue evaluation of rib-to-deck weld joints of orthotropic steel deck based on LEFM

chapter |1 pages

#### New cycle counting method for the assessment of low cycle fatigue in steel H-piles of integral bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Simulation of low cycle fatigue performance of steel H piles via finite element approach

chapter |1 pages

#### Fatigue property analysis of steel box girder based on monitoring data

chapter |1 pages

#### Fatigue analysis of reinforced concrete bridges from monitoring data

chapter |1 pages

#### High-cycle fatigue of reinforced concrete bridges based on monitoring data

chapter |1 pages

#### Mixed-mode fatigue crack propagation rates of current structural steels applied for bridges and towers construction

chapter |1 pages

#### Design guidance for improved life cycle performance of highway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Disease assessment method of steel box girders considering multi factors

chapter |1 pages

#### Detection method to fatigue crack geometric feature in orthotropic steel deck

part |20 pages

Loading (earthquake, accidental & other)

chapter |1 pages

#### Seismic analysis of abutments on bridges strengthened by the method of tied-arch

chapter |1 pages

#### Study on seismic performance assessment of railway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Research on the seismic design strategy of self-anchored suspension bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Investigation of fatigue in steel H-piles of integral bridges subjected to intense seismic ground motions

chapter |1 pages

#### Analytical study on behavior of existing suspension bridges during large-scale earthquakes

chapter |1 pages

#### Pre-test studies on seismic soil-abutment interaction in skewed bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Estimation of the seismic vulnerability of a roundabout road bridge near Bucharest

chapter |1 pages

#### Influence of seismic code updates on the dynamic response of existing bridges in Romania

chapter |1 pages

#### Analysis of seismic performance of corroded reinforced concrete bridge piers

chapter |1 pages

#### Different approaches to the seismic analysis of RC bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### The influence of stirrups’ design to the buckling of the flexural reinforcement in flanges of bridge columns subjected to cyclic load

chapter |1 pages

#### “Beyond design” modeling of HDRB seismic isolators under cyclic loading

chapter |1 pages

#### Seismic analysis of RC column scaled model considering strain distortion

chapter |1 pages

#### Masonry arch bridges fragility assessment

chapter |2 pages

#### Accelerograms based on design spectra: Application to bridge seismic analysis

chapter |1 pages

#### A new energetic based ground motion selection and modification algorithm

chapter |1 pages

#### Seismic performance assessment of CFRP-repaired limited-ductile RC structures using hybrid simulation

part |8 pages

Maintenance strategies, repair and replacement

chapter |1 pages

#### Strengthening of bridges with pretensioned FRP laminates: Experimental investigation and a case study

chapter |1 pages

#### Replacement bridge piers for seismic retrofit under traffic service

chapter |1 pages

#### Hercílio Luz Bridge rehabilitation

chapter |1 pages

#### Application of FRP materials for a renovation of steel railway bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Special inspection and maintenance design of inclined legged steel bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### O&M strategy for the Chacao Bridge

part |12 pages

Management systems

chapter |1 pages

#### Analysis of suitability of new measurement technologies to examine changes in geometric parameters of a suspension bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Shear and moment capacity of the Ruytenschildt Bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Validation of field exterior girder rotation in non-skewed bridge due to construction loads with FE analysis

chapter |1 pages

#### Structural performance and failure loading of a 55 year-old prestressed concrete girder bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Study on the wind characteristics of a tropical storm: A comparison of stationarity and non-stationarity

chapter |1 pages

#### Trial construction report of new slab link method in Hanshin-expressway

chapter |1 pages

#### Field vibration test on evaluation of natural vibration characteristics of an existing cable-stayed bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Average bridge consumption costs for route segments

chapter |1 pages

#### Improvement opportunity for bridge inspections in Brazil

part |14 pages

New design methods

chapter |1 pages

#### Nonlinear analysis of track-bridge interaction on a cable-stayed bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Damage identification in the concrete jack arch bridge using spectral moments

chapter |1 pages

#### Car measuring road surface properties and viewer apparatus integrating data measured

chapter |1 pages

#### A case study in the application of live load testing and structural health monitoring

chapter |1 pages

#### Practical structural monitoring and diagnostic testing of steel deck truss bridge

chapter |1 pages

#### Finite model updating method considering bridge support condition

chapter |1 pages

#### Comparison of different techniques for measuring the vertical deflection in concrete box-girder viaducts with large spans and large height

chapter |1 pages

#### Comparison of different techniques for measuring the cable tension of a cable-stayed bridge during the tensioning process

chapter |1 pages

#### Characterization of gradually evolving structural deterioration in jack arch bridges using support vector machine

chapter |1 pages

#### Dynamic monitoring of the scale model of a bridge to calibrate a numerical structural model

chapter |1 pages

#### Measured and calculated influence lines in a concrete frame bridge structure

chapter |1 pages

#### Experimental investigations on the effective width for shear

part |6 pages

Non-destructive testing

chapter |1 pages

#### Comparisons of actual thermal loads on steel box girders with design loads

chapter |1 pages

#### Vibration response characteristics of sound barrier under vehicle-induced aerodynamic load and its anti-fatigue design suggestion

chapter |1 pages

#### Traffic load effects on dynamic bridge performance

chapter |1 pages

#### Analysis of cables in cable-stayed bridges

part |8 pages

Optimum design/optimization

chapter |1 pages

#### Degradation prediction and maintenance optimization strategy system of bridge structure life cycle

chapter |1 pages

#### Assessment of a bridge in Ensenada, Buenos Aires province, Argentina

chapter |1 pages

#### Using calibrated probabilistic deterioration information to optimize the rehabilitation schedule of bridges

chapter |1 pages

#### Lifetime performance of composite bridges with protective coating

chapter |1 pages

#### Historical study of the design solution for bridges in the state of Parana

chapter |1 pages

#### Short span modular bridges of Bamboo by self construction, a sustainable alternative

part |7 pages

Prediction of future traffic demands

chapter |1 pages

#### Chesapeake Bay bridge dehumidification design

chapter |1 pages

#### Galvanized rebar: Advantages, application and performance in steel reinforced structures

chapter |1 pages

#### Proposal maintenance plan on cable supported bridges. Chilean experience and future challenges

part |12 pages

Safety, reliability and serviceability

chapter |1 pages

#### A graphical method for measurement set selection in structural system identification with observability techniques

chapter |1 pages

#### Dynamic analysis of high-speed train-track-cable-stayed bridge coupled system

chapter |2 pages

#### Studying the spectral behavior of concrete for evaluation non-destructively of resistance in situ

chapter |1 pages

#### Cost-effectiveness of a system-wide program for bridge deck condition monitoring using NDT

chapter |1 pages

#### Safety evaluation system of highway utility based on hazard log

chapter |1 pages

#### WIM-based state-specific live load spectra for Alabama

chapter |1 pages

#### Case study – Nonlinear reliability analysis of a concrete bridge

part |18 pages

Visual inspections and diagnostics