This chapter explores the neurologic setting as an alternative to practice in the schools. The preparation for the practice of clinical child neuropsychology requires training in applied psychology, neurology, clinical psychology, child developmental psychology, and the study of educational systems. The neuropsychological problems seen in a pediatrics department tend to be less severe and more developmental than those in either neurologic or psychiatric settings. The school psychologist's training in research is vital to neuropsychology. The psychologist in the neuropsychological setting must take perinatal factors into account when evaluating a child, or an active pathology may be assumed from symptoms of a perinatal trauma. Training in school psychology would appear to allow a significant contribution in the understanding of individuals referred for neuropsychological services. However, the school psychologist's contribution would clearly be enhanced with specialized training and experience. The Ball State University school psychology program is offered as a model for training neuropsychologists.