Cognitivism and Non-Cognitivism
Of all the ways of dividing up the metaethical terrain, arguably the greatest chasm lies between cognitivism and non-cognitivism. To see what is at issue, consider the following claims:
•Rousseau should have thanked Hume.
•Stepping on gouty toes is (morally) wrong.
•Forcing people into an agrarian lifestyle is (morally) obligatory.
•Pleasure is intrinsically good.
•That you are jealous of Sarah is not a good reason to kick her.