chapter  3

Bio-Inspired and Life-Inspired Sensors

WithCesar Ortega-Sanchez, Halit Eren

Living beings have always inspired the imagination of inventors and scientists throughout history. According to Greek mythology, Daedalus invented a pair of wings made out of waxed feathers so that he and his son Icarus could escape from the labyrinth of Crete. They succeeded, but Icarus flew so close to the sun that the wax melted and his wings dismantled, with tragic consequences. In renaissance Italy, Leonardo da Vinci invented flying machines and submarines inspired by birds and fish more than 500 years ago, but his inventions never came into real practice. These attempts failed not because they were fundamentally flawed, but mainly because technology at the time was far too immature for any realistic implementation of such projects.