chapter  16
26 Pages

Machine Learning for Digital Face Beautification

ByGideon Dror

Beauty, particularly of the human face, has fascinated human beings from the very dawn of mankind, inspiring countless artists, poets, and philosophers. Numerous psychological studies find high cross-cultural agreement in facial attractiveness ratings among raters from different ethnicities, socioeconomic classes, ages, and gender [1], [2], [3], [4], indicating that facial beauty is a universal notion, transcending the boundaries between different cultures. These studies suggest that the perception of facial attractiveness is data-driven; the properties of a particular set of facial features are the same irrespective of the perceiver.