chapter  9
44 Pages

Unitarian Parish Churches in Early Modern Transylvania

ByMaria Crăciun

Early modern Transylvania is often hailed as the land of tolerance and amiable religious cohabitation. Historians and theologians alike commend the absence of stakes, confiscation of property, exile on religious grounds and forced conversions. Across Transylvania, the existing parish churches either remained as Catholic places of worship or were assigned to one of the three recognized Protestant confessions. This religious plurality was evident in the landscape through the symbols placed by each confession atop their church spires: a Latin cross (Catholic), globe (Lutheran), cockerel or star (Reformed).1 In practice, this portrayal of religious co-existence is flawed as one of the four ‘received religions’ recognized by the Transylvanian diet in 1568, AntiTrinitarianism or Unitarianism, did not enjoy the same degree of acceptance as the other confessions.2