chapter  10
9 Pages

Human Rights 1

WithStephen P. Marks

Human rights constitute a set of norms governing the treatment of individuals and groups by states and nonstate actors on the basis of ethical principles incorporated into national and international legal systems. The catalogue of human rights consists of some fifty normative propositions. The right to health as understood in international human rights law is defined in article 25 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Dignity tends to be mentioned as both the basis for all human rights and a right per se. Equality and nondiscrimination are human rights that are at the same time principles for the application of all other human rights, because they require that all persons be treated equally in the enjoyment of their human rights and that measures be taken to remove discriminatory practices on prohibited grounds. Freedom of movement means the right to reside where one pleases and to leave any country, including one’s own, and to return to one’s country.