chapter  22
18 Pages

Structural barriers and human rights related to HIV prevention and treatment in Zimbabwe

WithJ.J. Amon, T. Kasambala

There has long been recognition that individual risk factors can only partially explain vulnerability to HIV infection, and that a broader range of socio-economic, cultural and political factors must be taken into account. More recently this understanding has been applied to addressing obstacles to accessing HIV treatment. Yet, while structural interventions aimed at contextual factors related to HIV prevention and treatment have been shown to be effective, they have not been widely implemented. Using the situation of Zimbabwe as an example, we will present an illustration of how contextual barriers can be understood in human rights terms, and how using a human rights analysis can specifically help define ‘structural-rights’ interventions and compel their implementation.