While the major eort of nations involved in World War Two was on marshalling resources for military victory, on the home front an alternate discourse of planning for peacetime emerged. Post-war reconstruction emerged as a political imperative during and immediately after the war in many nations. It had both ideological connotations and tangible realities in countries directly impacted, extending into major economic and social reforms. War underlined the importance of an organised response to national challenges. Looking ahead revealed challenges in transitioning from war-time strictures to a more prosperous peace-time economy, and in rebooting construction and development activity whilst repatriating war veterans. Integrated planning at various scales and for dierent purposes oered pathways to realising these goals. Physical planning specically agged the importance of a pro-active role for the state in ensuring an orderly deployment of public and private resources for building new communities and renewing old ones, war-damaged or not.