Civic Identity, ‘Juvenile’ Status and Gender in Sixteenth and Seventeenth-Century Italian Towns
This chapter explores the forms of civic identity of individuals excluded from full citizenship based on their gender identity. Rome is the main case study, but the chapter also draws on cases from studies of other Italian towns, including those on citizenship in Venice, boys' confraternities in Genoa and artisans' masculinity in Turin. By doing so, the chapter is built on premises that apply to all Italian towns: the relation between gender and exclusion in the cities and, specifically, on masculinity and civic identity. Starting from these premises, and relying on the notion of citizenship as access to the city, the chapter uses a case study that explores the forms of civic identity of those who are usually excluded from political participation. As the chapter has shown, the condition of employee, of serving someone else, was the common feature shared between apprentices, journeymen and children, relegating them, as Renata Ago has noted, to condition of 'real or fictitious juvenile status'.