The 16th Lok Sabha election results were significant for two reasons: first, it gave the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) a massive mandate and clear majority to govern the country for the first time, as the party won 272 out of 543 seats that went to polls; and second, it registered a massive win in Uttar Pradesh (UP), winning 71 out of 80 seats. Kurmis are generally economically prosperous and played a dominant role in the Kisan movement in many districts of UP. Jats in UP are mainly confined to the western part of the state. They are a dominant land-owning, agriculture-oriented and economically prosperous class. They controlled the Kisan movement in UP. Uttar Pradesh had long been craving good governance and development. That was in spite of the fact that the state produced several prime ministers. The 2014 LS election in UP had an unconventional character in the scheme of things in national politics.