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jobs-not a popular course of action in Japan, especially for women. In 1974

only 5 percent of all female university students in Japan attended night courses. The comparable figure for male students was 9 percent, The jobs these eighteen women held at the time do not represent the full range of jobs most commonly held by female employees in Japan. In 1980 one-half of the total number of female employees were engaged in production, service, and

Except for two full-time workers, all of the women interviewed were in their thirties and forties at the time of the interview. One of the two exceptions was in her mid-twenties and the other in her mid-fifties. Their level of education, particularly that of the full-time workers, was much higher than that of women of comparable age in the general population (see Table 11.3). Seven of my informants (six full-time workers) were university graduates and another seven (six full-time workers) were either junior college graduates or had had some postsecondary education. Only four had not gone beyond high school.