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of an attentive and nurturing mother. When

The fmdings of this study have revealed that gender role segregation was evidently practiced by my informants who had been employed full time in whitecollar occupations through their child-rearing years. In order to satisfy the requirements of the traditional role of wife and mother, and the economic role of an employee, most of the women depended on the help of a close relative such as a mother or a mother-in-law. In addition, the fmdings have shown that various other conditions had to be met for a married woman to be able to remain in full-time employment in Japan through her child-rearing years. These working women often experienced physical as well as psychological hardship. Why did my informants who were full-time employees accept the traditional role of women and try hard to perform a dual role? Why weren't there more men who would share domestic duties and family responsibilities with their wives? Why did most of these working women show little concern about their husbands not becoming involved in domestic activities and family responsibilities? After all, why does gender role segregation persist in contemporary urban Japan?