chapter  1
6 Pages

Introduction to Marine Omics

BySe-Kwon Kim, Jayachandran Venkatesan

Marine biotechnology has been an emerging area of research in the last ve decades, which provides abundant resource materials for human consumption. Omics in marine technology changed several aspects of research at the molecular level. Different kinds of omics, such as nutrigenomics, proteomics, transcriptomics, genomics, and metabolomics, are important for the development of marine biotechnology industries (Qin et al. 2012). In recent years, signicant research have been conducted on omics, which are presented by Dr. Ozcan Konur in Chapter 2. The main points of the chapter are as follows. The development of algal biofuels as a third-generation biofuel has been considered as a major solution for global problems. The design and production of algal biofuels, such as algal biohydrogen and algal biodiesel, and algal biocompounds, such as algal drugs and algal nutritional ingredients, have also been an important research area in recent years. Based on the results from studies on algal omics, the issues relating to the optimization of algal production through omic analysis have also emerged as an important research area in particular. Although there have been many studies on algal omics and on omics and there have been a limited number of scientometric studies on algal biofuels (Konur 2011). In Chapter 3, Professor J. Paniagua-Michel discusses the increasing need for alternatives to fossil hydrocarbon-based chemicals, and the recent advances in omics, and metabolic engineering, are promissory options for the development of biobased solutions for bioproducts and cell factories. Recent advances in omics in microalgae are now orientated toward the optimization and diversication of the production and application of bioproducts. Omic approaches contribute to redene metabolism, functional diversity, and biosynthetic capacity of uxes of compounds of strains into a desired biosynthetic pathway. During the last couple of decades, microalgae have been considered as a suitable and valuable feedstock for biofuels, pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, biomedicals, and material applications (Guarnieri and Pienkos 2015; Paniagua-Michel et al. 2015). Fungal genomics is explained further by Saravanan et al. in Chapter 4. In Chapter 5, Dr. Dilipan et al. explained the genomic perspective of marine plants with special reference to seagrass, reviewing the molecular taxonomy and evolutionary lineages of seagrass as different molecular markers that could resolve taxonomic plasticity. Although their use in these studies seems convincing, the origin and evolutionary lineage of seagrass, salt marsh, and freshwater should be studied in detail. Furthermore, studies on different

CONTENTS

1.1 Overview of the Chapter Contents in This Book ..............................................................3 References .........................................................................................................................................7