chapter  5
Epilepsy in people w ith intellectual disabilities
ByGeraldine Cassidy
Pages 12

Introduction An epileptic seizure is a sudden paroxysmal, synchronous and repetitive discharge of cerebral neurons, the clinical manifestations of w hich depend on w here the discharge started its spread and the duration of the discharge. Seizures result in interruptions to or abnorm ality in brain function, and m ay affect the level of consciousness, m ovem ent, sensation, and autonom ic or psychic phenom ena. They m ay be provoked but usually appear to be spontaneous. A person is said to have epilepsy if they have a recurrent tendency to experience seizures (Betts 1998).