chapter  1
W hat is intellectual disability?
ByDavid Clarke
Pages 6

Introduction In the early 1990s the D epartm ent of Health adopted the term learning disability as the successor to terms such as learning difficulty (which is still used w ith regard to the education of children), m ental handicap, m ental subnorm ality and m ental deficiency. The term intellectual disability is gaining currency, and is used in the titles of academic journals circulated in the UK and elsewhere in Europe.