chapter  118
6 Pages

Reasoning and Rehabilitation and Enhanced Thinking Skills

WithEstelle Moore, Catherine Farr, James Tapp, Gareth Hopkin

When assessed on cognitive tasks, populations of offenders tend to show deficits in their ability to solve problems, which are functionally associated with decision-making and actions.6,7 Antisocial attitudes and thinking styles, such as focusing on short-term outcomes or failing to think of consequences (impulsivity), have been linked directly to offending behavior.8 Therefore, teaching offenders how to think more constructively and how to solve problems in a logical way and without reliance on criminal acts is likely to be of measurable benefit. Indeed, meta-analysis of research studies of the use

of cognitive-behaviorally-informed interventions with offender groups has evidenced a reduction in recidivism of approximately 30%.9