chapter  23
Medical and Surgical Hair Restoration
ByLane D. Squires, Jonathan Sykes
Pages 6

Alopecia may result from a vast number of endocrine disorders, including hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, diabetes mellitus, hyperprolactinemia, polycystic ovary syndrome, and Cushing syndrome.4 Additional associations have been shown with dyslipidemia and cardiovascular disease.5 Other etiologies should be considered, such as fungal infections, medication-induced hair loss (chemotherapeutics, oral contraceptives, anabolic steroids), poor nutrition, or prior trauma. It is important that the clinician consider and diagnose any treatable medical conditions prior to initiating definitive treatment for hair loss.