chapter  16
11 Pages

Communication and critical thinking with MAP Grammar

WithHiroshi Nakagawa, Yosuke Ishii

Many university level second language (L2) students, even after years of formal language education, still struggle to express themselves in their L2. The explanation for this difficulty is often attributed to their lack of speaking practice or insufficient knowledge. The main objective of this chapter is to help students express themselves verbally. According to schema theory, language students are better able to comprehend English sentences by using the rhetorical structure of text. For communication purposes, a single sentence rarely functions independently. Instead, sentences are linked to create a unity of communication. Spoken conversation and written paragraphs have meaning because sentences maintain unity, which helps create cohesion. One aspect that the students are expected to learn is to be able to change the style or tone of their oral delivery according to the register and genre to which they are in.