chapter  16
16 Pages

Appropriating the past under Somoza and the Sandinistas

The polyvalent sign of El Güegüence
WithE. J. Westlake

The people of Nicaragua have spent the better part of the last five centuries struggling under Spanish colonial rule and United States (US) imperialism. Nicaraguan theatre reflects all of the facets of art under colonial oppression and through foreign intervention. The Sandinistas, as Marxists, framed the nationalist struggle in Nicaragua as strictly a class struggle. The poor peasants were unifying to throw off economic slavery in the form of economic imperialism from the US, but managed by a feudal overlord in the form of the Somoza dynasty. The poor peasants were unifying to throw off economic slavery in the form of economic imperialism from the United States, but managed by a feudal overlord in the form of the Somoza dynasty. The intellectual architects of the revolution envisioned that all modern problems of the people were economic, and that once economic justice was established, all other problems would fall by the wayside.