Rusticity, Wild Flora and Fauna Patterns, and Identity in a Valley of Cadí (Alt Urgell)
This chapter reflects on the evolution of the landscape in Montseny in the context of an area that is protected as a natural park. It considers the changes undergone in recent decades and the interaction among the protection of nature, the evolution of society and tourism. Since the 1970s, agriculture, livestock, and forest uses that characterized the management of this environment for many centuries have gradually been replaced by tertiary sector activities. This change of uses is due to the crisis in mountain agricultural production, high demographic and urban development pressure, and the expansion of tourism. It has meant that the landscape is no longer the result of its inhabitants' production strategies. This production model has been replaced by a consumer model of the landscape. The public management of the Natural Park has generally received a positive response from the local population and has mainly met its objective of preventing the uncontrolled urbanization that threatened the massif in the 1970s.