chapter  7
7 Pages

THEORYAND METHOD OF LANDSCAPE

ByARCHAEOLOGY

The aim of this chapter is twofold: i) to examine recent developments in landscape archaeology that have in part informed the theoretical and methodological underpinnings of this study; and ii) to discuss the application of these developments to the South Asian context. Since the late 1970s the recognition of entire landscapes as foci of archaeological interest has led to a proliferation of literature on ‘landscape studies’, which, broadly speaking, can be divided into two main categories: (a) those dealing with theoretical aspects of landscape research (Tilley 1994; Bender 1993) which draw heavily on parallel movements in cultural geography and anthropology (Gregory 1995) and consider varying modes of interaction with the landscape such as visibility, memory and re-use (Ucko and Layton 1999; Ashmore and Knapp 1999); and (b) those dealing with aspects of survey methodology such as approaches to surface exploration, sampled collection strategies and statistical analysis (Keller and Rupp 1983; Ammerman 1981; Plog et al., 1978).