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Chapter 1 1 Notable exceptions to this trend include Hans Bakker’s pioneering work on

the religious and political history of Ayodhya (1986) and Ramtek (1997), which applies a ‘synthetic method of investigation’ to philological, arthistorical and archaeological sources within their geographical setting. Other recent examples of integrated approaches to sites in the landscape, to be discussed further in chapter 7, include Dass and Willis’s work at Udayagiri (Dass and Willis 2002; Willis 2004) and Dilip Chakrabarti’s (2004) extensive explorations in the Gangetic valley.