John Hardyng’s Scotland
In 1457, Northumbrian knight John Hardyng employed a cartographer to create a map of Scotland for inclusion in his completed chronicle history of Britain. Scotland deeply concerned John Hardyng and had concerned him for much of his life. Hardyng’s use of the term ‘heritage’ to describe Locryne’s homage is important, and indeed it is one of many times he uses the word to denote the generational passing-down of homage and its related practices, and of land and ownership. Hardyng’s map of Scotland locates and orients a heritage landscape, and projects an emotional geography, one that is imagined by Hardyng and shaped on his interpretation of what the king would want to know. Hardyng’s body and emotion were an integral part of his emotional plea to successive kings to reward him for the difficult and dangerous work that he had already undertaken; his lack of reward prolongs and exacerbates his discomfort.