chapter  18
11 Pages

Bukharin’s Theory of Society

WithHerman Schmid

This chapter explores Nikolai Bukharin's thinking, his theoretical methodology, and his concept of society as expressed in his early writings, above all in the writings of 1920-22, addressing the economy of the transitional society and its social integration. Bukharin begins by presenting basic problems of political science in the form of scientific declarations: causal, nonteleological, historically determined, and materialistic. In short, Bukharin wanted to construct a positive, theoretical model for the general functioning of society. Bukharin's sociology was similar to bourgeois sociology in its all-encompassing form. It deals with a nationally bounded "totality"; it articulated the holistic problem and answered questions on integration, coherence, and solidarity. Current social thinking seems to deal mostly with the relationship between such a system and the everyday world, "the world we live in", the autonomous sector, the individual human being.