Islamic multiculturalism: Coexistence overcoming “Kufr” in Tayeb Saleh’s Season of Migration to the North and Hanan El-Sheik’s Beirut Blues
Since its foundation, Islam has always been an experience of multiculturalism operating upon the conglomeration of different cultures, races, and ethnicities by the dogma and praxis of a universal religion. By multiculturalism I mean the coexistence of Muslim and non-Muslim cultures in the same geographical space. The Quran supports, at varying degrees, the aforementioned definition of multiculturalism as it numerates and names pre-Islamic nations that have always coexisted with Islam:
Verily, those who believe [the Muslims] and those who are Jews and Christians and Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does righteous good deeds shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.