chapter  8
Developing aggregated city evaluation scores: combining objective city performance and subjective citizen satisfaction indicators
ByKONG JOO SHIN, HIROKI NAKAMURA
Pages 15

The development and sustainability of cities are of crucial concern as social and economic activities become more concentrated (Mori and Christodoulou, 2012). The Brundtland Report (WCED, 1987) introduced the concept of “sustainable development,” which acknowledged the trade-off between promoting globalized economic growth and accelerating environmental degradation on a global scale. Climate change is considered one of the most pressing global environmental issues. Moreover, international deliberations and agreements often have a direct impact at the local level in terms of environmental quality and payment of abatement cost. Hence, citizens’ awareness of local community sustainability issues has been increasing (Finco and Nijkamp, 2001; Mori and Christodoulou, 2012).