Improvement of natural resource management and the sustainability is becoming a focus of intense debate in regional public policy as a key societal aspiration (Graymore et al. 2008; Potts 2010). Appropriate policy for the regional sustainability should reflect the diversity of the economic and environmental condition between urban and rural areas. However, the promotion of the sustainable development sometimes caused heightened tensions about policy priorities among central authorities and the region because indicators of sustainable development are not well integrated from national level to local level (Mascarenhas et al. 2010; Zurlini and Girardin 2008). Although Beratan et al. (2004) suggests that the integration of indicator between regional scales is challenging work, in this chapter, we will contribute the issue by applying the Inclusive Wealth framework at national level to build an indicator of the sustainability in finer administrative scale (cities and towns) than that in Chapter 9.1 Furthermore, we seek to investigate how urban and rural areas could improve their sustainability through a qualitative analysis of returns on investments by sampled regional governments.