chapter  18
37 Pages

Hydration and fluid balance


The National Patient Safety Agency (NPSA), the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), and the Royal College of Nursing (RCN) believe that hydration is a fundamental aspect of care and that everyone in healthcare environments has a role to play. According to NICE Quality Standard CG138 (NICE, 2012), patients ought to have a range of physical and psychological needs regularly assessed and addressed, this includes nutrition, hydration, pain relief, personal hygiene and anxiety.