Speaking Again of Climate Change: An Analysis of Climate Change Discourses in Northwestern Alaska
Since 2009, when the fi rst edition of this book was released, climate change outcomes in Northwestern Alaska and throughout the Arctic continue to be signifi cant and to create multiple challenges for Arctic residents owing to increases in overall temperatures, storminess, and erosion rates (Huntington 2000; ACIA 2005: 997; Hinzman et al. 2005; McNeeley 2012; Cochran et al. 2013). In some cases these ecological outcomes in combination with changing patterns of development and human occupancy have created critical disaster scenarios (Marino 2012, 2015). Particularly threatening is the increase in habitual fl ooding to rural coastal and river settlements, which compromises the integrity and long-term viability of a number of Alaskan Native villages (USGAO 2003, 2009). In Alaska, climate change outcomes translate into fl ooding disasters that happen with greater and greater frequency. When fl ooding becomes a recurrent or habitual ecological state, it is not only people’s homes but also their livelihoods, cultural practices, ceremonies, and methods of meaning-making that are compromised.