Arrivederci, Venice: The Third World Biennials
Venice Biennale, founded in 1895, is the oldest and, P along with Germany’s Documenta series, the most influen tial of Europe’s major recurring international exhibitions. Both those shows occur in formerly imperial nations and reflect a Eurocentric history, for they concentrate not just on Western art but on the art shown in the West’s prominent commercial galleries. Now, however, as the colonial era fades, the biennial tradition has spread beyond the Western world. With the post-Modern shift of emphasis from the previous centers to the previous margins, the idea that one’s own city, wherever it may be, can act as an international hub has become widely available.