SMART Recovery: Self-Empowering, Science-Based Addiction Recovery Support
This chapter provides a review of the literature on mutual-aid groups for people who have previous incarceration histories and a review of groups for people with mental illness and multiple concerns. Mutual-aid groups for people in recovery from mental illness, addiction, and former incarceration are virtually nonexistent. The concept of giving back is a common theme in the community narrative of individuals who are in recovery from former incarcerations. Giving back is one part of the mutual-aid process and to get something back from the sharing of experiences and feedback offered from their peers. To understand the significance of the concepts of the helper-therapy and wounded healer principles for people with former incarcerations, LeBel conducted a study to explore whether having the helper/wounded healer orientation has an effect on incarceration recidivism and other psychological and community factors. Some prefer to attend Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Narcotics Anonymous (NA) either using a combination of self-help approaches for mental illness.