Ethnic-Speciﬁc Support Systems as a Method for Sustaining Long-Term Addiction Recovery
The prevalence of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use and related problems and access to and participation in treatment and recovery support resources
are not equally distributed across racial/ethnic groups in the United States (Caetano, Baruah, & Chartier, 2011; Chartier & Caetano, 2011; Mulia, Ye, Greenﬁeld, & Zemore, 2009; Wallace, 1999). Although non-Whites experience remission from substance use disorders at rates comparable to Whites (Arndt, Ve´lez, Segre, & Clayton, 2010), AOD problems within communities of color have been historically portrayed in the mainstream media through a lens of pathology rather than through the perspectives of resilience, resistance, and recovery (White & Sanders, 2008). Pejorative racial stereotypes long embedded within antidrug campaigns in the United States have misrepresented the source, scope, and solutions to AOD-related problems within communities of color (Helmer, 1975; Leland, 1976; Musto, 1973; Neuspiel, 1996). If there is a yet-untold addictions-related story at public and professional levels, it is the rich tradition through which communities of color have actively resisted the infusion of alcohol and drugs into their cultures, adapted mainstream recovery support resources for cultural ﬁt, and mounted indigenous responses to the rise of AOD-related problems (Coyhis & White, 2006; James & Johnson, 1996; White & Sanders, 2002; White, Sanders, & Sanders, 2006).