Introduction: The Promise of Mutual Support
This chapter reviews existing data on ethnic group participation in recovery mutual-aid groups, summarizes the history of culturally indigenous recovery movements within Native American and African American communities in the United States, and describes strategies aimed at increasing recovery prevalence and the quality of life in recovery for persons of color in Philadelphia. The prevalence of alcohol and other drug (AOD) use and related problems and access to and participation in treatment and recovery support resources are not equally distributed across racial/ethnic groups in the United States. The chapter outlines the history of abstinence-based religious and cultural revitalization movements as frameworks of addiction recovery within Native American and African American communities. It describes culturally indigenous recovery support resources (CIRSR) that are being utilized as adjuncts and alternatives to mainstream recovery mutual-aid and addiction treatment organizations in the City of Philadelphia. CIRSR share a broader understanding of the etiological roots of addiction.