Evaluation of Spain’s Water-Energy Nexus
The water-energy nexus has become a high-priority issue in sustainability assessments.
The realization that the water sector is energy intensive and that innovative energy sources
require stable water supplies has increased the interest in evaluating both sectors in a more
integrative manner. Various studies have shown that the water use cycle is energy
intensive (CEC, 2005; Pate et al., 2007; Water Environment Federation, 2009; Cabrera
et al., 2010).