chapter  12
20 Pages

Evaluation of Spain’s Water-Energy Nexus

ByLaurent Hardy, Alberto Garrido & Luis Juana

The water-energy nexus has become a high-priority issue in sustainability assessments.

The realization that the water sector is energy intensive and that innovative energy sources

require stable water supplies has increased the interest in evaluating both sectors in a more

integrative manner. Various studies have shown that the water use cycle is energy

intensive (CEC, 2005; Pate et al., 2007; Water Environment Federation, 2009; Cabrera

et al., 2010).