chapter  10
12 Pages

Explicit memory among individuals with mild and moderate intellectual disability: educational implications

ByHefziba Lifshitz, Sarit Shtein, Itzhak Weiss, Naama Svisrsky

Long-term memory (LTM) is the system in which information that we receive from the environment is stored for long periods of time. Information transferred to the LTM can also be forgotten, but at a much slower rate than information in the short-term memory (STM). One of the fundamental dissociations in LTM is between explicit and implicit memory. Schacter and Buckner (1998, 284-5) define explicit memory thus: ‘Explicit memory (EM) or declarative memory refers to conscious recollection of previous experiences, as revealed by standard tests of recall and recognition that require intentional retrieval of previously acquired information’. Learning geography, Bible, biology, and other subjects requires EM. In everyday life, people use EM throughout the day, for tasks such as remembering the time of an appointment or recollecting an event from years ago, recalling who came to dinner last night or naming animals that live in the rainforest.