National and local sources of power: important considerations for teacher education reforms in rural Malawi
The establishment of formal teacher training systems is a relatively new innovation in some parts of Africa. Formal training of secondary teachers in Malawi commenced when the government of Malawi opened the University of Malawi in 1965. Since then the University of Malawi secondary school teacher education programme has expanded to its constituent colleges, namely, Chancellor College, Bunda College of Agriculture and the Polytechnic. Complementing these are those offered by the government-owned Domasi College of Education (DCE), Livingstonia University and Mzuzu University (formerly Mzuzu Teacher Training College).