chapter  6
18 Pages

Citizenship and disability: incommensurable lives and well-being

BySteven R. Smith

In the aftermath of the Second World War, T. H. Marshall famously defended the thesis that industrial capitalist societies have institutionalized civil and political rights for citizens – relating to fair trials, freedom of movement, voting rights, property rights, and so on – but, during the immediate post-war era, also established social rights to resources and services for citizens found in various forms of welfare state provision. Briefly put, these latter-day assumptions concerning citizenship and the welfare state supposedly led to a post-war ‘settlement’ or consensus between mainstream political parties that these social rights, alongside free markets, should be institutionally protected (Marshall 1950, 1963, Marshall and Bottomore 1992).