This chapter presents some of fundamental issues by examining China's evolving approach to multilateralism and global governance. It explores the overview of China's past and current positions on the issues, then turns to the question of how the world will know when China is ready to deepen its commitment to adopting an effective, integrated, jointly - responsible, problem-solving approach to these matters. The chapter examines the China's approach to multilateralism and global governance has significantly changed over the past 10 to 15 years. It then presents a number of challenges to the international system, and briefly examines China's approach to them. The chapter reveals the European Union (EU) and China share an interest in improving regional stability and economic development, especially in Asia. It also reveals an interest in encouraging a greater and more responsible role for China across a range of global and regional issues.