chapter  5
26 Pages

Evolution along the Government-Governance Continuum: Impacts of Regulation on Medicines Innovation in the United States

This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book demonstrates is a complex set of relationships between government and governance which influence all areas of science and innovation policy. It considers the application of some of the new tools of governance to the life sciences from ethical, political, legal, social and policy perspectives and through a mix of theoretical, empirical and case study analyses. The book examines legal instruments, regulatory systems, international conventions and research initiatives. It concerns the core problem that the life sciences do still require a considerable degree of conventional command and control style regulation. The book focuses on the governance of life sciences in developing countries that highlighted the absence, retreat or weakness of the state. It argues that governance may both embody politics and provide a means to resist powerful international political forces and engage with them locally.