chapter  11
8 Pages

Social Assistance for Immigrants and Refugees in Denmark: A Judgment and a Prophecy

ByIda Elisabeth Koch

Until 1 January 2012, under the Danish Act on an Active Social Policy, individuals receiving social assistance were entitled to the full amount only if they had lived in Denmark for seven out of the preceding eight years. Persons who were not able to meet the residence requirement would instead receive a severely reduced benefit, known as start aid.2 The benefit was introduced in 20023 and was granted to ethnic Danes as well as immigrants and refugees. Persons within the EU/EEA cooperation sphere were exempted from the residence requirement in so far as they were entitled to social cash benefits under EU law.4