This chapter offers a critique of the concept of integration. It suggests that Swedish scholarship and policy analysis have not effectively addressed structural and institutional discrimination and thus Swedish society has failed to move towards a meaningful integration policy. The entrance of New Democracy into the Swedish parliament fuelled already existing anti-immigrant sentiments, helping to make the critique of immigration and Swedish integration policy an established political discourse in the early 1990s. Islam and multiculturalism were the two focal points of the criticism of Swedish integration policy voiced by the two parties. The anti-immigrant discourses of xenophobic parties affected Swedish immigration and integration policies and their legal design. The chapter emphasizes that discrimination is one of the main reasons for exclusion of individuals with an immigrant background from access to a proper education and work on equal terms with the majority society.