There has always been room for the Çanakkale victory in Turkey’s contentious power politics. It left a huge imprint in social memory and became a significant building block in the making of the modern nation-state based on Turkishness. Nevertheless, despite this political utility, little has been written on the popular perceptions of the fighting on the Gallipoli front. This chapter will outline the phases of the evolution of the place of Gallipoli in Turkish politics, society and culture. It contends that disputes over the meaning of the ‘spirit of Çanakkale’ are emblematic of the general trends in the identity politics of Turkey.