Inferring in Foresight
Foresight and futures studies have a special interest on futures knowledge as discussed in the second chapter. They seek to connect together various driving forces, trends, emerging issues and conditioning factors in order to envisage alternative futures (rather than predict the future). They have a broader scope of research than the normal sciences, as their research objective does not exist in an empirical sense, because it is contingent and undefined by nature. Yet, this does not mean that we could not get relevant futures knowledge from our present environment, in the same way as we can get, for example, history or marketing knowledge. Hence, this unusual research objective has led the research field into a unique epistemology which differentiates it from principles and methodologies of all normal sciences.