chapter  4
20 Pages

The ins and outs of climate movement activism at COP21

ByJoost de Moor, Edouard Morena, Jean-Baptiste Comby

This chapter presents and analyses three discernible climate movement dynamics in the run-up to and during 21st Conference of the Parties to the Climate Convention (COP21). It focuses on climate movement actors inside the Le Bourget conference centre. The chapter looks at social movement mobilisations outside of the official negotiation space. It also explores an original form of narrative and cultural-based mobilisation: "Place to B". The rapid overview of the reactions to the Paris Agreement signals a need to re-evaluate the continued applicability of prevailing categorisations of climate movement actors. Ever since the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) beginnings in the early 1990s, non-state actors have been active within the climate negotiations space. Given the relatively small size of its membership, the UNFCCC space has also fostered the emergence of a series of loose, "below-the-radar" networks where participants can informally share information and intelligence, and align individual and organisational strategies to more effectively weigh in on negotiations process.