This chapter explores the voting behaviour, legislative initiatives and scrutiny activity of the Romanian opposition between 2007 and 2011 (before, during and after the financial crisis). Our findings indicate an ambivalent behaviour. On the one hand, opposition parties rarely succeed in passing legislation and their voting dissent on legislative proposals favoured by the cabinet was relatively reduced. On the other hand, opposition parties tended to dissent more on issues salient for them, when the ideological distance to the cabinet was higher and on more complex bills. Moreover, we observe an increase in the level of dissent after the outburst of the financial crisis and on bills that introduce measures related to it.