Balgreen Nursery School lies in the west of Edinburgh. One hundred and twenty children attend the nursery and most live in the local area. The staffing consists of a head teacher who teaches part time, two principal teachers who job share, a head teacher, relief teacher and four Early Years Practitioners. The development of young children's understanding of place and time was explored as part of the implementation of the Scottish Curriculum for Excellence, with a focus in particular on the subject area 'Social Studies'. The chapter demonstrates the relevance of Froebelian principles and pedagogy in curriculum development. The principles for curriculum design were laid out in the document 'Building the Curriculum'. These include personalization and choice, challenge and enjoyment, breadth, depth, progression, relevance, and coherence. Developing a relevant pedagogy for young children that supports the values and design principles of a new curriculum is a challenge.