Relationship between density, urban form and environmental performance
This chapter introduces the research based on studies of over 90 urban form cases to address the relationship between density, urban form and environmental performance that are multifaceted and complex by nature. It also discusses the methodological processes to facilitate performance evaluation for different design options in the early stage of urban planning process. The research outcomes highlight the signiﬁcant impact of built density on various environmental performance areas and utility of the key design factors that have greater potential to improve performance. A key message that emerges is that design and urban form matters in the exploration of planning strategies aiming at achieving higher built density without compromising environmental quality of urban development. The methodological framework as proposed and the technical approaches as developed can support urban planners and architects to make informed design decisions and motivate them to create innovative yet sustainable urban environments.